MSU Billings Catalog

The Department of English, Philosophy and Modern Languages

Creative Writing

CRWR 240 Intro Creative Writing Wrkshp. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Introduces the principles and techniques of various kinds of creative writing, ranging from personal expression in simple narrative and description to basic elements of fiction and poetry.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 291 Special Topics. 1-3 Credits

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 294 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides freshmen and sophomores an opportunity to investigate intensively topics pertinent to the fields of composition, literature and language.

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 310 Intermediate Fiction Workshop. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): CRWR 240 or consent of instructor.

Provides extensive practice in the writing of the short story. Considers various narrative and stylistic techniques through discussion of selected professional and class-produced work and through exercises. Promotes versatility in writing style. Affords individual conferences.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 311 Intermediate Poetry Workshop. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): CRWR 240 or consent of instructor.

Promotes the writing of fresh, imaginative, distinctive poetry. Covers many elements of the writing process, including the use of imagery, figurative language, metrical techniques, and specific poetic forms. Enables students, through the production of numerous poems, to sharpen their sensitivity to the precise employment of their own language.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 312 Interm Nonfiction Workshop. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): CRWR 240.

Provides extensive practice in the writing of creative nonfiction. Considers various stylistic and technical approaches through discussion of selected professional and student-produced work and through exercises. Promotes versatility. Includes individual conferences. ($10 photocopying fee).

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 360 Magazine Article Writing. 1-3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (odd years)

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101 or consent of instructor.

Provides guidance and practice in all stages of the magazine article writing process from idea through publication. Completed articles will be the primary basis for student evaluation and the objectives of the course will be met through submission/publication of at least one article.

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 398 Cooperative Educ/Internship. 1 Credit

Lecture Hours 1

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 410 Advanced Fiction Workshop. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite: CRWR 310 and consent of instructor. Provides advanced practice in the writing of the short story. Considers various narrative and stylistic techniques through discussion of selected professional and class-produced work. Promotes versatility in writing style. Affords individual conferences.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 411 Advanced Poetry Workshop. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): CRWR 311 and consent of instructor.

Provides advanced practice in writing fresh, imaginative, distinctive poetry. Offers continued discussion of the use of imagery, figurative language, metrical techniques, and specific poetic forms through discussion of professional and class-produced work. Enables students to sharpen their sensitivity to the precise employment of their own language.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 412 Advanced Nonfiction Workshop. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): CRWR 312 and consent of instructor.

Provides advanced practice in the writing of the creative nonfiction. Considers various stylistic and technical approaches through discussion of selected professional and student-produced work. Promotes versatility. Includes individual conferences.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 491 Special Topics. 1-3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): upper division status and consent of instructor.

R-6. Provides advanced study and practice in creative writing for experienced writers serious about their craft. Course content will vary, and the course may be repeated for credit.

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 492 Independent Study. 1-3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and chairperson of the department.

Provides outstanding students with an opportunity for individually guided research and study in English. A contract describing the study must be completed at the time of enrollment and filed in the English Department office. (Note: Not more than 6 credits of CRWR 492 may be allowed toward any program in English.)

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides advanced students an opportunity to investigate intensively topics pertinent to the field of English.

Department: English & Philosophy

CRWR 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-9 Credits

Provides university credit for a work experience in the area of English, supervised by faculty. Learning agreement must be completed prior to registration (restricted).

Department: English & Philosophy

Film

FILM 324 Writing for Stage and Screen. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): CRWR 240.

(alternating Sp) Provides extensive practice in the writing of scenes, plays, and screenplays. Develops various writing skills such as convincing dialogue, believable and interesting characterization, correct pacing of plot and action, appropriate use of setting, and screenwriting techniques. Develops analytical skill through discussion of selected professional and student work. ($10 photocopying fee).

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

FILM 424 Adv Writing for Stage & Screen. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): FILM 324.

(alternating Sp) Provides advanced practice in writing scenes, plays, and screenplays. Advances various writing skills such as convincing dialogue, believable and interesting characterization, correct pacing of plot and action, appropriate use of setting, and screenwriting techniques. Provides further development of analytical skill through discussion of selected professional and student work.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

French

FRCH 101 Elementary French I. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

A sequence course; student must pass FRCH 101 before enrolling in FRCH 102. Offers oral-aural methods and objectives; inductive approach to grammar necessary for simple spoken and written French; reading texts of appropriate level.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 102 Elementary French II. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

A sequence course; student must pass FRCH 101 before enrolling in FRCH 102. Offers oral-aural methods and objectives; inductive approach to grammar necessary for simple spoken and written French; reading texts of appropriate level.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 201 Intermediate French I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): FRCH 102 or consent of instructor.

A sequence course; student must pass FRCH 201 before enrolling in FRCH 202. Presents a systematic review of French grammar, intensive oral drills, reading and discussion of one literary work per semester, compositions beginning with 202.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 202 Intermediate French II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): FRCH 102 or consent of instructor.

A sequence course; student must pass FRCH 201 before enrolling in FRCH 202. Presents a systematic review of French grammar, intensive oral drills, reading and discussion of one literary work per semester, compositions beginning with 202.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 292 Independent Study. 1-12 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 293 Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 492 Independent Study. 1-5 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and chairperson of the department.

Offers an opportunity for students of outstanding ability to explore material not covered by regular courses in Languages.

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 493 Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Senior status and consent of instructor.

Offers an opportunity to investigate intensively topics pertinent to the field of French Language and Literature.

Department: Modern Languages

FRCH 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-8 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Completion of 60 credit hours or upper division standing in French, 3.0 overall GPA, consent of instructor.

Provides an opportunity for students to acquire field experience and material not covered by regular classes in French.

Department: Modern Languages

German

GRMN 101 Elementary German I. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

A sequence course; student must pass GRMN 101 before enrolling in GRMN 102. Introduces modern German. Presents the vocabulary and grammar necessary for simple spoken and written German.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 102 Elementary German II. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

A sequence course; student must pass GRMN 101 before enrolling in GRMN 102. Introduces modern German. Presents the vocabulary and grammar necessary for simple spoken and written German.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 201 Intermediate German I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): GRMN 102 or consent of instructor.

A sequence course; a student must pass GERM 201 before enrolling in GERM 202. Provides a systematic review and expanded study of German grammar and increased development of oral, reading and writing skills.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 202 Intermediate German II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): GRMN 102 or consent of instructor.

A sequence course; a student must pass GERM 201 before enrolling in GERM 202. Provides a systematic review and expanded study of German grammar and increased development of oral, reading and writing skills.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 292 Independent Study. 1-6 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 293 Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 492 Independent Study. 1-5 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and chairperson of department.

Offers an opportunity for students of outstanding ability to explore material not covered by regular courses in Languages.

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 493 Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-8 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Completion of 60 credit hours or upper division standing in German, 3.0 overall GPA, consent of instructor.

Provides an opportunity for students to acquire field experience and material not covered by regular classes in German.

Department: Modern Languages

GRMN 499 Senior Thesis/Capstone. 1 Credit

Prerequisite(s): Senior standing in German or consent of instructor.

Major research paper to be defended in German.

Department: Modern Languages

GERM 423 German for International Trade. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): GERM 202 or equivalent.

Introduces students to the specialized German terminology of business and economics. Includes recent and current economic and political changes in Europe and offers cultural insights into customs and practices in the world of German and European business, as well as into the economic interdependence of Europe with the United States. Serves as preparation for the “Prüfung Wirtschaftsdeutsch International” (International Business German exam).

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

GERM 591 Independent Study. 1-5 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing and consent of the instructor, approval of the department chairperson and Dean of Arts and Sciences, and Independent Study contract filed with the Office of Graduate Studies prior to registration.

Provides an opportunity for students of superior academic standing to explore material beyond that covered by undergraduate courses in German.

Department: Modern Languages

Languages

LANG 101 Elem Foreign Lang I. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

The courses provide credit for students who wish to satisfy one year of the foreign language requirement in a language other than French, German or Spanish.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 102 Elem Foreign Lang II. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

The courses provide credit for students who wish to satisfy one year of the foreign language requirement in a language other than French, German or Spanish.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 201 Interm Foreign Lang I. 3 Credits

The courses provide credit for students who wish to satisfy a second year of the foreign language requirement in a language other than French, German or Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 202 Interm Foreign Lang II. 3 Credits

The courses provide credit for students who wish to satisfy a second year of the foreign language requirement in a language other than French, German or Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 292 Independent Study. 1-3 Credits

V1-3cr. (1-3 other/wk) Provides an opportunity for students to explore material not covered by regular college courses.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 294 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

V1-3cr. Provides freshmen and sophomores an opportunity to investigate intensively topics pertinent to the field of Languages and Literatures.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 295 Study Abroad. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Successful completion of LANG 102 or FRCH 102 or GERM 102 or SPNS 102 with a grade of “C” or better, or consent of department chair.

Provides students with faculty-led, “real life” opportunities to practice second language skills within an authentic cultural and linguistic framework. Combines on-site university classroom activities, native-guided excursions, and residence with a native family to assure maximum immersion in the target language and culture. Students are responsible for air travel, housing, on-site tuition, and entrance fees associated with the course.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 298 Cooperative Educ/Internship. 1-9 Credits

V1-9cr. (1-9 lec/wk) Provides university credit for a sophomore work experience in the area of Language supervised by faculty. Learning agreement must be completed prior to registration (restricted).

Lecture Hours 1-9

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 490 Internship. 21 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Completion of 60 credit hours or upper division standing in the Language, 3.0 overall GPA, consent of advisor and approval by the Department Chair.

Provides an opportunity for students to acquire field experience and material not covered by regular Foreign Language classes in French, German or Spanish; can only be taken on a Pass/No Pass basis.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 491 Independent Study. 1-12 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and Foreign Languages and Literatures chairperson.

Provides an opportunity for students of superior academic standing to explore material not covered by regular college courses.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 492 Seminar. 1-8 Credits

Provides an opportunity for study in an area of Languages and Literatures.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 493 Workshop. 1-8 Credits

Provides an opportunity for experimental study in an area of Languages and Literatures.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 495 Study Abroad. 1-12 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Successful completion of LANG 202 or FRCH 202 or GERM 202 or SPNS 202 with a grade of “C” or better or consent of department chair.

Provides students with faculty-led, “real life” opportunities to practice second language skills within an authentic cultural and linguistic framework. Combines on-site university classroom activities, native-guided excursions, and residence with a native family to assure maximum immersion in the target language and culture. Students are responsible for air travel, housing, on-site tuition, and entrance fees associated with the course.

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 498 Cooperative Educ/Internship. 1-8 Credits

V1-8cr. (1-8 other/wk) Provides university credit for a work experience in the area of Language, supervised by faculty. Learning agreement must be completed prior to registration (restricted).

Department: Modern Languages

LANG 499 Intrnltnl Studies Capstone. 1 Credit

Prerequisite(s): Completion of all other courses in International Studies Minor.

Demonstrates the student’s synthesis of knowledge through the creation and implementation of a project which focuses on international studies and which will be disseminated to the larger campus, and the writing of a reflective paper.

Lecture Hours 1

Department: Modern Languages

Linguistics

LING 210 Intro to Lang & Linguistics. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Surveys introductory linguistic topics and methods of analysis as applied to the structure of English and as preparation for the scientific analysis of other language phenomena.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 294 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides freshmen and sophomores an opportunity for experimental study in an area of English or the teaching of English.

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 301 History of the English Lang. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (odd years)

Prerequisite(s): LING 210 or consent of instructor.

Presents a linguistic analysis of the history of the English language, including Old English, Middle English, and Modern English dialects and recent semantic and vocabulary changes as illustrated by writings from various historical periods. Considers applications of such information in the classroom.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 312 English Grammar. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): LING 210 or consent of instructor.

Provides a thorough review of traditional grammatical terms and principles, as well as an overview of modern theories of syntactic analysis, including structural and transformational-generative grammars, for the prospective teacher of English. (Course must be completed prior to student teaching.)

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 315 Sociolinguistics. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): LING 210 or consent of instructor.

Surveys a variety of topics of interest to teachers and language arts students, including language variation, conversational interaction, the relationship between language and society, and language and power.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 318 Intro to Psycholinguistics. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (even years)

Prerequisite(s): LING 210 or consent of instructor.

Explores the relationship between the human brain and language, including brain anatomy, first and second language acquisition, abnormal language acquisition and functions, and mental language processes.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 398 Cooperative Educ/Internship. 1 Credit

Lecture Hours 1

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 491 Special Topics. 1-3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Upper division status or consent of instructor.

R-6. Provides advanced study in selected language/linguistics topics. Course content will vary, and the course may be repeated for credit.

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 492 Independent Study. 1-3 Credits

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides an opportunity for experimental study in an area of English and the teaching of English.

Department: English & Philosophy

LING 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-9 Credits

Provides university credit for a work experience in the area of English, supervised by faculty. Learning agreement must be completed prior to registration (restricted).

Department: English & Philosophy

Literature 

LIT 110 Intro to Literature. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Presents students with the opportunity to experience and analyze short and long fiction; narrative, dramatic and lyric poetry; stage and cinematic drama, and selected audio/visual materials. Students will develop skills and attitudes enabling them to experience the written word and selected audio/visual media for insight and entertainment (Course not applicable to English major).

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 201 Intro to Literary Studies. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101.

3cr. Focuses on reading and analyzing literary works to prepare students for literary studies at the college level. This course will introduce students to literary genres, literary terms, methods of literary criticism, and research skills focused on scholarly articles. Students will write analytical essays in response to various literary works.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 213 Montana Literature. 3 Credits

(alternating Sp) Examines literature by contemporary and historic writers who have a strong literary connection to Montana.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 230 World Lit Survey. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

3cr. Introduces students to works of world literature in translation and in multiple genres (e.g., poetry, prose, and drama) which provide a comparative basis for understanding different cultures. Selections and approach will vary with each offering.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 240 The Bible as Literature. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Examines the Bible as a work of literary art. Considers such topics as literary genre, plots, character development, thematic concerns, historical and cultural contexts, and style of writings that make up the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 270 Film & Lit. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Focuses on modern and contemporary novels, plays or short stories which have been adapted to film. Emphasizes written and visual literacy.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 294 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides freshmen and sophomores an opportunity for experimental study in an area of English or the teaching of English.

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 300 Literary Criticism. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): LIT 201 or consent of instructor.

Surveys the leading literary critics and theorists from Plato and Aristotle to the Formalists of the mid- twentieth century.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 305 Lit by & About Native Amer. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor.

Includes fictional and non-fictional oral, written, and visual literature pertaining to Native Americans and created by Indians and non-Indians including traditional literature such as legends, myths, teaching stories, humor, songs, orations, dramas, captivity accounts, sign language, winter counts, and hide paintings; contemporary literature such as poetry, songs, short stories, novels, humor, newspapers, theatricals, movies, television, and picture books; and translation, interpretation, and criticism, with insight drawn from Indian cultural traditions, the humanities, and the social sciences.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 307 Latino Lit. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (odd years)

Introduces Latino/a literature with focus on classic and contemporary writers of Hispanic origin living and writing in the U.S. Analyzes their historical, political, cultural, and literary discourses through fictional and some non-fictional works focusing on Latino/a society as a marginalized minority.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 317 Transatlantic Literature I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): LIT 201 or consent of instructor.

3cr. Surveys the circulations, exchanges, and influences of literatures in the early Atlantic world, roughly 1500 to 1800, focusing primarily on British and American texts but also including African, Caribbean, South American, and/or indigenous literatures of North America.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 318 Transatlantic Literature II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): LIT 201 or consent of instructor.

3cr. Surveys the circulations, exchanges, and influences of literatures in the modern Atlantic world, roughly 1800 to present, focusing primarily on British and American texts but also including African, Caribbean, South American, and/or indigenous literatures of North America.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 327 Shakespeare. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): LIT 201 or Consent of instructor.

3cr. Examines the major dramatic genres of Shakespeare: history/tragedy, and comedy/romance. Studies Shakespeare’s biography, historical context and knowledge of psychology, ethics, and philosophy as reflected in plays.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 335 Women & Lit. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall (even years)

Studies examples of the written, oral, and visual arts depicting women as “voices” of the periods which produced them, and examines how those voices influenced, and continue to color, women’s perceptions of their roles in society. Pays special attention to the literature written by such authors as Doris Lessing, Alice Adams, Anne Sexton, Alice Munro, Megan Terry, and Alice Walker.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 370 Science Fiction. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (even years)

Examines the major Humanistic, biological, environmental, psychosocial, and technological themes of science fiction as a significant genre of modern speculative fiction and traces the historical development of science fiction from the 19th century to the present.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 381 Young Adult Lit. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Provides students with knowledge of books written specifically for young adults and with a background in the various kinds of material available for both in-class and out-of-class reading experiences for preteens and teenagers. Issues involved in assigning and recommending reading materials for Middle School, Junior and Senior High School students are covered, including units on censorship and methods of promoting books through classroom activities.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 398 Cooperative Educ/Internship. 1 Credit

Lecture Hours 1

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 432 Major Writers. 3 Credits

Provides advanced study of the work of a selected author or authors.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 437 Studies in Genres. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Provides intensive study of a single genre—such as the epic, the novel, drama, or poetry—or the idea of “genre” itself. Selection and approach will vary with each offering.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 463 Studies in Contemporary Lit. 1-3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): upper division status or consent of instructor.

R-6. Provides advanced study of major developments, genres, or themes in American, British, and/or Western- European fiction, poetry, and drama (and film where relevant) since 1965. Appropriate connections among national literatures will be explored. Course content will vary, and the course may be repeated for credit.

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 491 Special Topics. 1-3 Credits

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 492 Independent Study. 1-3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and chairperson of the department.

Provides outstanding students with an opportunity for individually guided research and study in English. A contract describing the study must be completed at the time of enrollment and filed in the English Department office. (Note: Not more than 6 credits of LIT 492 may be allowed toward any program in English.)

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides an opportunity for experimental study in an area of English and the teaching of English.

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

LIT 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-9 Credits

Provides university credit for a work experience in the area of English, supervised by faculty. Learning agreement must be completed prior to registration (restricted).

Department: English & Philosophy

Philosophy

PHL 110 Introduction to Ethics. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Explores canonical moral theories and contemporary moral problems. Students are invited to examine a variety of moral viewpoints, including the strengths and weaknesses of each, and to critically examine their own moral commitments. Coursework explores controversial issues such as abortion, animal rights, sexism, poverty, euthanasia, environment, and capital punishment.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 111 Philosophies of Life. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Explores how philosophy shapes our lives. This course serves as an introduction to core philosophical themes and thinkers from a variety of perspectives. Things to be pondered might include the meaning of life, justice, skepticism, and our place in the world.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 234 Intro to Logic: Applied Logic. 3 Credits

Distinguishes between different forms of arguments and exposes a variety of common fallacies. Students will learn to analyze the components of arguments, distinguish different forms of argumentation, assess claims, and think critically about such common cultural expressions as advertisements, political rhetoric, and news reports.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 254 People and Politics. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Examines a number of the main figures, texts, and ideas in the history of western political thought, with an emphasis on the development of democracy. Analyzes the significance of issues like rights, freedoms, equality, justice, the legitimacy of the state, and the sovereign.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 265 Stdies in Hstry of Philosophy. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): one course in philosophy.

(every second Sp) Explores the philosophical developments during several of the following eras (to be announced each time the course is offered): Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance, Modern, 19th Century, and 20th Century. Course is an introduction and survey of the major philosophical figures and movements that mark each time period.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 271 Indian Philsphies & Religions. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

3cr. Explores, through a comparative lens, the philosophies and religions of India, including such topics as Hinduism, Buddhism, mythology, art, ethics, and religious exemplars, as well as contemporary issues such as gender relations, attitudes toward nature, and the place of nonhuman animals. Interactive and rooted in critical thinking, this course invites students to compare their own worldview with philosophical and spiritual worldviews of India.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 272 Chinese Philsphies & Religions. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

3cr. Explores the philosophies and religions of China, including such topics as Daoism, Confucianism, mythology, art, ethics, and religious exemplars, as well as contemporary issues such as gender relations, attitudes toward nature, and the place of nonhuman animals. Interactive and rooted in critical thinking, this course invites students to compare their own worldview with philosophical and spiritual worldviews of China.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 294 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides an opportunity to intensively investigate specific topics pertinent to fields of Philosophy and/or Religious Studies, such as Islam, Philosophy of Science, Sacred Texts and the Natural World, Buddhism, Philosophies of Love, Feminist Philosophy, Existentialism, Phenomenology, and Ideas that Rocked the 20th Century.

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 320 Philosophy & Business Ethics. 3 Credits

(every second F) Explores complex moral dilemmas facing individuals in business and the ethical problems of business in society. Explores theories and case studies to analyze the way that justice, human rights, and the social good are critical to business.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 324 Nature, Culture, Ethics. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Examines how humans understand and relate to the natural world. Critical and comparative in nature, students explore such topics as contemporary environmental issues, important movements and organizations, tactics, theories, and the contributions of key individuals, with an eye to examining the environmental impact of our lifestyles.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 326 Death, Dying & Medical Ethics. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor.

(every second Sp) Explores issues involving medicine, technology, and the law, and the host of ethical concerns that accompany them, such as justice, personhood, death, experimentation, medical practice, and the value of life. These will be examined from as many sides as possible, weighing the reasons people have for believing them.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 364 Great Figures and Ideas. 3 Credits

(alternating F) Examines the lives and works of foundational thinkers and what they have contributed to the philosophical tradition. Possibilities include Gandhi, Kant, The Enlightenment, Pre-Socratics, and Sartre.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 375 Women, Philosophy and Religion. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): A course in religious studies or consent of instructor.

(alternating F) Explores topics such as violence, gender constructs, the media, sexism, power structures, ecofeminism, and controversial contemporary issues in philosophy and religion. Rooted in critical analysis and class discussion, coursework encourages students to examine sexism and equality in our culture and in their own lives.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 492 Independent Study. 1-5 Credits

Provides students an opportunity to research subjects in Philosophy and Religious Studies which are not explored in regular courses.

Department: English & Philosophy

PHL 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides an opportunity to intensively investigate specific topics pertinent to fields of Philosophy and/or Religious Studies, such as Islam, Philosophy of Science, Sacred Texts and the Natural World, Buddhism, Philosophies of Love, Feminist Philosophy, Existentialism, Phenomenology, and Ideas that Rocked the 20th Century.

Department: English & Philosophy

Religious Studies

RLST 170 The Religious Quest. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Explores humanity’s rich accumulation of thought, art, and writings from religious traditions around the world. Rooted in critical thinking, coursework compares and contrasts Daoist, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, Confucian, Jewish, Pagan, Jian, Sikh, and Christian traditions, with an eye to exploring and re-envisioning our own spiritual journey.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

RLST 245 Global Christianity. 3 Credits

Examines the Christian tradition in a comparative and critical manner from a global perspective. Topics include the life of Jesus, historic development and divisions, ethics and justice, saints and exemplars, ritual and the arts, contemporary movements, and interreligious dialogue.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

RLST 303 Greek & Roman Mythology. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Examines Greek and Roman mythology principally through the major Greek and Roman authors, typically Homer, Apollonius, Sophocles, Euripides, Vergil, and Ovid. The myths are analyzed from a variety of perspectives, such as philosophical, religious, historical, social, anthropological, and literary. The course considers the influence of the myths on the fine arts, especially later literature.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

RLST 304 Mythology Around the World. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Invites students to ponder myths that shape our own lives and compare ancient myths with contemporary answers to age-old questions. From Asia and the Americas to Europe and Oceana, this course considers recurring themes in mythology, such as sex and gender equality, good and evil, nature and our relations with nonhuman animals, the gods and creation, and death and salvation. Interactive and rooted in critical thinking, students will examine myths in light of subjects such as philosophy, religion, history, psychology, anthropology, cultural similarity, and cultural difference.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

RLST 492 Independent Study. 1-5 Credits

Department: English & Philosophy

Languages: Sign

SIGN 101 Intro to American Sign Lang. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Provides students with the ability to sign as well as understand a deaf person with basic questions, statements, and commands in American Sign Language (ASL). Upon successful course completion, the student can have simple conversations with a client and be able to assist them with filling out forms. This does not replace the need for an interpreter, but would allow the counselor or receptionist to have a conversation with the client in order to make an appointment or to fill out the initial paperwork.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SIGN 201 Intermediate Am Sign Lan. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): SIGN 101.

Provides students with additional skills in American Sign Language vocabulary and grammar, building on a foundation learned in SIGN 101. Skills learned in SIGN 201 can be used to complete an initial interview with a deaf client. Students will also learn more about deaf culture and will meet the Billings deaf community in order to practice what is learned in the course.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

Spanish 

SPNS 101 Elementary Spanish I. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

A sequence course; student must pass SPNS 101 before enrolling in SPNS 102. Introduces modern Spanish; an audio-lingual approach which teaches the grammar necessary for simple spoken and written Spanish.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 102 Elementary Spanish II. 4 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

A sequence course; student must pass SPNS 101 before enrolling in SPNS 102. Introduces modern Spanish; an audio-lingual approach which teaches the grammar necessary for simple spoken and written Spanish.

Lecture Hours 4

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 150 The Hispanic Tradition. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Presents aspects of Hispanic traditions and culture across the time and geography as they have shaped current Hispanic societies. Taught in English.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 201 Intermediate Spanish I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 102 or equivalent.

A sequence course; student must pass SPNS 201 before enrolling in SPNS 202. Provides a systematic review and expanded study of Spanish grammar and increased development of oral, reading, and writing skills.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 202 Intermediate Spanish II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 102 or equivalent.

A sequence course; student must pass SPNS 201 before enrolling in SPNS 202. Provides a systematic review and expanded study of Spanish grammar and increased development of oral, reading, and writing skills.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 292 Independent Study. 0.5-4 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 293 Study Tours/Study Abroad. 3 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 304 Spanish for Business. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 321 or consent of instructor.

Introduces essential business terminology and practices in Spanish, including idioms and special language affecting business investments, labor relations, and corporate economic viability. Special attention is given to U.S.-Latin American sphere.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 305 Spanish Phonetics. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

(alternating Sp) Introduces students to the unique sound system and fundamentals of Spanish pronunciation, with attention to syllabication intonation, articulation, and individual difficulties; provides students with opportunities to produce, recognize, and transcribe a wide variety of Spanish language sounds.

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 311 Hispanic Culture & Civ I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

Studies the culture and civilization of Spain (SPNS 311) and Latin America (SPNS 312). Readings and discussion on Hispanic history, politics, and culture. Conducted in Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 312 Hispanic Culture & Civ II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

Studies the culture and civilization of Spain (SPNS 311) and Latin America (SPNS 312). Readings and discussion on Hispanic history, politics, and culture. Conducted in Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 314 Latino Literature. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (odd years)

Introduces Latino/a literature with focus on classic and contemporary writers of Hispanic origin living and writing in the U.S. Analyzes their historical, political, cultural, and literary discourses through fictional and some non-fictional works focusing on Latino/a society as a marginalized minority.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 321 Adv Spanish Conversations I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

Provides extensive oral practice to develop greater fluency and proficiency in spoken Spanish. Conducted in Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 322 Adv Spanish Conversations II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

Provides extensive oral practice to develop greater fluency and proficiency in spoken Spanish. Conducted in Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 405 Spanish Comp & Grammar I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

Considers various points of Spanish grammar with the goal of developing an awareness of style necessary for teaching or advanced studies.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 406 Spanish Comp & Grammar II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 202 or consent of instructor.

Considers various points of Spanish grammar with the goal of developing an awareness of style necessary for teaching or advanced studies.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 455 Topics in Spanish American Lit. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring (even years)

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 312 or consent of instructor.

Studies aspects of Spanish American literature by genre, theme, or period. Focus varies. May be repeated for up to 6 credits. Conducted in Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 456 Topics in Spanish Literature. 3 Credits

Prerequisite(s): SPNS 311 or consent of instructor.

(alternating Sp) Studies aspects of Spanish literature by genre, theme, or period. Focus varies. May be repeated for up to 6 credits. Conducted in Spanish.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 492 Independent Study. 1-12 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and department chairperson.

Offers an opportunity for students of outstanding ability to explore material not covered by regular courses in languages.

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 493 Study Tours/Study Abroad. 3 Credits

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-6 Credits

Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and department chairperson.

Provides advanced students an opportunity to investigate intensively topics pertinent to the field of Spanish Languages and Literatures.

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-8 Credits

Prerequisite(s): Completion of 60 credit hours or upper division standing in Spanish, 3.0 overall GPA, consent of advisor.

Provides an opportunity for students to acquire field experience and material not covered in regular classes in Spanish; can only be taken on a Pass/No Pass basis.

Department: Modern Languages

SPNS 499 Senior Thesis/Capstone. 1 Credit

Prerequisite(s): Senior standing in Spanish or consent of instructor.

Major research paper to be defended in Spanish.

Department: Modern Languages

Writing

WRIT 101 College Writing I. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): Satisfactory passing score on Placement Examination or grade of C or better in WRIT 095.

In addition, RD 101 or concurrent enrollment in RD 101 or qualifying score on reading placement exam. Provides instruction in writing competencies expected of college students. Pays special attention to writing as a problem-solving process, patterns of organization in personal and informative writing, and logical thinking and style in argumentative/persuasive writing. (Course not applicable to English major or minor.)

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 201 College Writing II. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101.

Provides opportunities for students to develop writing and thinking skills that are both relevant and adaptable to many writing situations and assignments. Includes basic research writing and information gathering skills appropriate to a variety of academic disciplines. Students will be instructed in the use of both the M.L.A. and the A.P.A. systems of documentation.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 220 Business & Prof Writing. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101 or WRIT 122.

Provides the study and practice of advanced writing for business and administrative settings. The student learns to write various kinds of messages (informational, bad news, persuasive, critical, sales/solicitation) and uses various formats (memos, letters, reports). Students work collaboratively on group writing assignments.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 221 Intermediate Tech Writing. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101.

3cr. Emphasizes advanced strategies and techniques appropriate to descriptive and analytical writing in sciences and technical disciplines.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 294 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides freshmen and sophomores an opportunity to investigate intensively topics pertinent to the fields of composition, literature and language.

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 298 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-9 Credits

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 321 Advanced Technical Writing. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101 or WRIT 121 or WRIT 122.

Focuses on effective technical communication, including theory and practice of audience analysis, purpose and scope, organization, and development. Emphasizes drafting, revising, and editing for specialized audiences.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 339 Teaching Writing and Literatur. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Spring

Prerequisite(s): WRIT 101.

Explores theoretical and practical issues related to teaching writing and literature within secondary English classrooms, including creating assignments, evaluating student writing, standardizing writing assessments, and designing multi-modal and digital composition processes.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 396 Peer Tutoring. 1 Credit

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): English major or minor and consent of instructor.

R-6. Provides practical experience imparting basic language skills to fellow students in the Writing Lab.

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 398 Cooperative Educ/Internship. 1 Credit

Lecture Hours 1

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 398A Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1 Credit

Term Typically Offered: Fall, Spring

Prerequisite(s): English major, Upper-division status, or consent of instructor.

1cr. R-6. Places the upper-division English student in a section of WRIT 101 College Writing I, as a teaching assistant with a faculty member as mentor. The student will assist the faculty member in teaching the class and have primary responsibility for designing, implementing, and evaluating at least one writing assignment. The class provides direct teaching experience for students pursuing teacher licensure in English.

Lecture Hours 1

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 429 Professional Writing. 3 Credits

3cr. Develops writing skills across multiple modes for effective workplace communication, digital document and portfolio design, professional editing, and other forms of professional writing.

Lecture Hours 3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 492 Independent Study. 1-3 Credits

Lecture Hours 1-3

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 494 Seminar/Workshop. 1-3 Credits

Provides an opportunity for experimental study in an area of English and the teaching of English.

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 498 Internship/Cooperative Educ. 1-4 Credits

V1-4cr. (1-4 other/wk) Provides opportunities for students to acquire field experience in their area of specialization. Individual internships coordinated through the chair and instructor; all students must apply for WRIT 498 during the previous semester.

Department: English & Philosophy

WRIT 499 Thesis/Capstone: Portfolio. 3 Credits

Term Typically Offered: Fall

Prerequisite(s): LIT 201 or consent of instructor.

3cr. (3 other/wk) Requires students to produce a substantial quantity and variety of written work and to demonstrate skills in research or creative scholarship. Each student makes an oral presentation of his or her best chosen work with the advice of instructor. Course affords opportunity for conferences with instructor as well as discussions of related readings. Designed especially for senior English majors. Work produced for Capstone constitutes an outcomes assessment of the quality of the student’s training in English.

Department: English & Philosophy